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The Kazakhstan Republic is the legal successor of the Kazakh SSR. Its area is 2717,3 thousand km2, and it has a population of 15,9 million.

The head of state is the President, elected in a general election. The current head of state is Nursultan Nazarbayev, who was the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan from 1981-1991, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet  of the Kazakhstan SSR in 1990-1991, and who became the Kazakhstan President in 1991, a post where he remains to this day.  The bicameral parliament, which consists of the Senate and Majlis, holds legislative power.